Design of a Small Centrifugal Blood Pump with Hybrid Magnetic Bearings

S. Jahanmir, H. Heshmat, Z. Ren, A. Z. Hunsberger, C. A. Heshmat, M. J. Tomaszewski, J. F. Walton, “Design of a Small Centrifugal Blood Pump with Hybrid Magnetic Bearings,” ASAIO Journal, 52 (2006) 54A.

Design of a blood pump with a magnetically levitated rotor requires rigorous evaluation of the magnetic bearing and motor requirements and analysis of rotor dynamics and hydraulic performance with attention to hemolysis and thrombosis potential. Given the desired geometric dimensions, the required operating speed, flow in both the main and wash flow regions, and magnetic bearing performance, one of several design approaches was selected for a new prototype. Based on the estimated operating speed and clearance between the rotor and stator, the motor characteristics and dimensions were estimated. The motor stiffness values were calculated and used along with the hydraulic loading due to the fluid motion to determine the best design for the axial and radial magnetic bearings. Radial and axial stability of the left ventricular assist device prototype was verified using finite element rotor dynamic analysis. The analysis indicated that the rotor could be completely levitated and spun to the desired operating speed with low power loss and no mechanical contact. In vitro experiments with a mock loop test setup were performed to evaluate the performance of the new blood pump prototype.

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