Analysis of Starved Thrust Bearings Including Temperature Effects

Artiles, A. and Heshmat, H. “Analysis of Starved Thrust Bearings Including Temperature Effects,” (1987) Journal of Tribology, Volume 109 (3), pp. 395-404.

A method of analysis is described treating starvation in finite thrust bearing pads.  A variable-size finite difference mesh is used to represent the two-dimensional temperature and pressure fields.  A combination of Newton-Raphson iteration, direct iteration, and column matrix methods are used to solve for the start-of-film and minimum film thickness as well as the coupled two-dimensional energy and Reynolds equations.  A parametric study describes the performance characteristics of the tapered land thrust bearing (flowrates, extent of fluid film, temperature rises, load capacity and torque) for different minimum film thicknesses and levels of starvation.  this study considered variations in the geometrical parameters such  as pad aspect ratio (L/R2 = 1/3, 1/2, 2/3)and extend of the pad (β  = 27, 42, and 57 deg) with an optimum taper ratio (β1/β=0.8).  It is found that the effects of starvation are fairly small near the flooded condition but accelerated rapidly below the 50 percent saturation level.  The start of the film (θ1) depends mostly on the level of starvation, and is essentially independent of the geometrical parameters, operating conditions or film thickness. 

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